Understanding High Blood Pressure

What is High Blood Pressure?

High blood pressure occurs when the force of blood pushing against the walls of your arteries is consistently too high. This condition can lead to serious health problems such as heart disease, stroke, and kidney failure if left untreated.


  • Lifestyle Factors: Poor diet, lack of exercise, excessive alcohol consumption, and smoking can contribute to high blood pressure.
  • Genetics: Family history plays a significant role. If your parents or close relatives have hypertension, you may be at a higher risk.
  • Age: Blood pressure tends to rise with age. As you get older, the arteries may become narrower and less elastic.
  • Medical Conditions: Conditions like diabetes, kidney disease, and sleep apnea can increase the risk of hypertension.


Symptoms of High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure is often called a “silent killer” because it typically has no symptoms. Many people may have it for years without knowing until it causes serious health problems.


Regular blood pressure checks are essential for early detection. Blood pressure is measured using two numbers: systolic pressure (the pressure when the heart beats) and diastolic pressure (the pressure when the heart rests between beats). Normal blood pressure is typically around 120/80 mm Hg.

Treatment and Management:

  • Lifestyle Changes: Adopting a healthy diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins, limiting salt intake, maintaining a healthy weight, exercising regularly, reducing alcohol consumption, and quitting smoking can help lower blood pressure.
  • Medication: In some cases, lifestyle changes alone may not be sufficient, and medication may be prescribed to control blood pressure. These may include diuretics, ACE inhibitors, beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers, or other drugs.
  • Regular Monitoring: Monitoring blood pressure regularly, either at home or at a healthcare provider’s office, is crucial for managing hypertension effectively.



Uncontrolled high blood pressure can lead to various complications, including:

  • Heart disease and heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Kidney disease or failure
  • Vision loss
  • Sexual dysfunction
  • Peripheral artery disease


How to Prevent High Blood Pressure?

Preventing high blood pressure involves maintaining a healthy lifestyle, including a balanced diet, regular exercise, limited alcohol consumption, avoiding smoking, managing stress, and regular medical check-ups.

Understanding high blood pressure and taking proactive steps to manage it can significantly reduce the risk of serious health complications and improve overall quality of life. Regular communication with healthcare providers is essential for monitoring blood pressure and adjusting treatment as needed.


Empower Yourself: Take Charge of Your Blood Pressure

Empower yourself to take charge of your health by scheduling a consultation with the expert doctors at Evans Medical Group. Call us at 706-868-3100. Together, let’s prioritize your well-being and create a personalized plan to manage your blood pressure effectively.